October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, a worldwide annual campaign to highlight the importance of breast awareness, and also get as many people as possible involved in raising funds for breast cancer research and treatment.
Breast cancer is by far the most common cancer in women worldwide, both in the developed and developing countries. Currently, there is no sufficient knowledge on the causes of breast cancer, therefore, early detection of the disease remains key to successful treatment.
Adult women of all ages are encouraged to perform breast self-examination at least once a month, preferably several days after your period ends when your breast are less likely to be tender and swollen.
Here are 5 easy steps to breast self examination.
Stand in front of a mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips, and look at your breasts, paying attention to
any of the following changes- dimpling, puckering, bulging of the skin, redness, soreness, rash, or swelling.
While you’re at the mirror, look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).
Next, feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter. Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.
Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in step 4.
If you notice any changes, go and see a doctor immediately.
Here are videos to help you even better.
Remember the earlier cancer is detected, the greater your chances of beating it. Spread the word!