The breast is made up of fatty tissue, which is connected to muscles on the wall of our chest, Within this fatty tissue are lobules or milk-forming glands.
From this glands, milk drains into breast ducts during breastfeeding, after which milk leaves the ducts through the nipple.
The glands and ducts can increase or decrease in number and size. This depends on whether they are needed.
There are various causes of breast lumps, some of these causes are harmless, while others can be painful and dangerous.
Most people don’t know what causes a breast lump, but they’ve probably heard of one. Not to worry I will list the likely causes.
The causes of breast lumps include cancer, injuries, infections, and non-cancerous growths. Breast lumps can involve any of these components or tissues, that make up your breast.
A manual examination of the breast is an important screening method for detecting cancer and it is the first step in the evaluation of a breast lump.
Unfortunately, the manual examination of the breast is not perfect, but it is helpful in its own little way
Self-examination on a breast lump
Most women cannot differentiate lump in their breast to normal tissues in the breast. They are different ways of self-examination but the best way is by lying down
Relax don’t be in a rush to take your hands off your breast, it’s yours so be calm. Use the first fingers of your right hand to feel your left breast in a circular motion, then use the first fingers of your left hand to feel your right breast in a circular motion.
Keeping the fingers flat and together, make sure you cover the entire breast from top to bottom and bottom back to the top. And from your armpit to your cleavage
Causes of breast lumps
Physiological normal swelling and tenderness
This is also known as fibrocystic change, your breasts change throughout your menstrual cycle each month because of your hormones.
Few women usually go through menstrual pains, and the pains could be tenderness and lumpiness in their breasts at some time in the month.
It happens in the week before your period. And It quickly goes when your period starts. This is more common in women aged 30-50.
A breast cyst is a fluid-filled lump, cysts are more common in women approaching menopause, although they can occur at any age.
It is usually oval or round lumps, it is smooth and firm. They move slightly when pressed. It appears within two weeks prior to your period and then resolves immediately after the period.
Breastfeeding women are prone to lump caused by infection. This is because the ducts that carry the breast milk can become blocked.
Causing germs or bacteria to gain entry through the cracks in the nipple, and this can lead to the development of an abscess in the breast. Infection can also cause lumps in women who are breastfeeding
It is a benign (non-cancerous) breast lump that usually occurs in women under the age of 40. They are round, firm, and rubbery lumps.
It moves slightly under the skin when they are pressed., they are not painful.
An Injury or trauma to the fatty tissue in your breast can cause a lump. These lumps usually heal and go away. But if they persist then they can be removed.
It is a fatty growth that develops within the fatty tissue of your breast. Lipoma is non-cancerous and usually does not need any treatment. It can be removed if they are large or causing any symptoms.
Most people believe that the majority of breast lumps are caused by breast cancer, that is not true not all breast lumps are cancerous.